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Kedilerde Karaci─čer Hastal─▒─č─▒: Nedenleri, Belirtileri ve Semptomlar

Liver Disease in Cats: Causes, Signs and Symptoms

What is liver disease?

The liver is an important organ with many functions such as digestion and transformation of nutrients, removal of toxic substances from the blood, as well as storage of vitamins and minerals. Since the liver carries out activities aimed at removing many different substances from the body, it is vulnerable to damage from many different sources. Liver disease results in inflammation known as hepatitis. If this disease is left untreated, it may cause loss of function as healthy liver cells are replaced by injured tissues. Diseases seen elsewhere in the body can also negatively affect liver function.

Fortunately, liver disease can be effectively treated and its progression limited. Many cats continue to live happy lives even years after diagnosis. Proper nutrition and constant dialogue with your veterinarian are key to treating liver disease in your cat.

What are the causes of liver disease?

Factors that increase your cat's chances of developing liver disease include:

Age: Several diseases, including liver dysfunction, are common in geriatric cats.

Breed: Some breeds, such as Siamese cats, are more likely or prone to develop certain liver problems.

Obesity: Overweight cats are more likely to develop liver disease.

Medications and chemicals: Medications containing acetaminophen can damage the liver in cats.

Does my cat have liver disease?

Symptoms of liver disease can be very similar to symptoms of other problems. If you notice any of the following signs in your cat, contact your veterinarian for a complete examination.

Symptoms to watch out for are:

  • loss of appetite
  • sudden weight loss
  • weight loss
  • Jaundice (gums and eyes or white parts of the skin turning yellow)
  • Increase in water need
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Change in behavior
  • excessive drooling
  • Loss of energy or depression

Other possible signs of liver disorders include dark urine, pale gums, or fluid accumulation in the abdominal area that can be confused with sudden weight gain. Your veterinarian may perform some tests to diagnose liver disease.

IMPORTANT: The symptoms of liver disease are very nonspecific and difficult to detect. If obese cats stop eating, this can have fatal consequences. Cats who lose their appetite for two to three days may experience Feline Hepatic Lipidosis, a condition that prevents the liver from functioning properly and is associated with a dangerous buildup of fat. If your cat is not eating, contact your veterinarian immediately.

The importance of nutrition

If your cat has been diagnosed with this disease, you may be wondering how you can take care of it. Treatment of all liver diseases is aimed at resting the liver and minimizing functions associated with the metabolism of fats, proteins, carbohydrates and drugs. When your cat has liver disease, feeding him the right cat food becomes even more important. To control ongoing liver damage and improve liver function, feed your cat foods that contain easily digested carbohydrates, high-quality fats, and limited amounts of sodium.

For proper diagnosis and treatment options, always consult your veterinarian and ask him or her to recommend the foods that are most beneficial for your cat's liver health.

Ask Your Veterinarian About Liver Disease:

  1. Are there any foods I should avoid giving my cat due to his condition?
    • Ask how the foods people eat might affect your cat's health.
  2. Would you recommend cat food for my cat's liver health?
    • Ask about any specific feeding concerns you have for your cat
    • Find out how much and how often you should give your cat the recommended food.
    • Ask what treats you can give your cat.
  3. How soon should I expect to see signs of improvement in my cat's condition?
  4. Can you provide written instructions or a recommendation for a booklet regarding liver disease for my cat?
  5. If I have questions, how can I reach you or your hospital as quickly as possible (e-mail/phone)?
    • Ask if a follow-up appointment is needed for check-up.
    • Ask if a reminder email or notification will be sent.

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