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Why Do Dogs Urinate When They're Excited or Frightened?

Why Do Dogs Urinate When They're Excited?

If you have an older dog who suddenly becomes uncontrollable or urinates inappropriately, it is important to make an appointment with your veterinarian, as there may be an underlying medical cause.

Have you ever arrived home to be greeted by your hyperactive dog and noticed a puddle of urine next to your shoes? Or when your new pup lays on his back to greet his friend and urinates a little on his own fur and on your clean carpetÔÇŽ

This can be excitement urine or submissive urine. Both are common in dogs, but what differentiates the two is your dog's mental state and emotional triggers.

Some dogs urinate because they are excited and submissive. For example, a dog may urinate excitedly when the owner arrives, while urinating submissively when scolded harshly or overcorrected for the initial excitement urination.

So how do you know what situation you're dealing with?

Why Does My Dog Urinate When He's Excited?

Excitement urination is more common in happy, hyperactive, young dogs that usually do not have full control. As dogs become calmer emotionally, much of this pattern of urination disappears over time.

If your dog is suddenly aroused or startled and then becomes very active (for example, when you come home from sleeping), excitement urination may become worse.

Signs of Excitement Urine in Dogs

Dogs that urinate when excited usually do not squat or lift their feet as usual. They usually urinate while walking, standing or even jumping. You can tell your dog is excited because he holds his tail higher than normal, wags his entire body and tail side to side, lifts his head up, or growls and/or barks.

How to Stop a Dog from Urinating When Excited?

There are three basic ways to control excitement urination:

  1. taking frequent walks
  2. Helping soothe your dog
  3. Treating to reduce excitement

Going for Walks Frequently

Taking your dog for walks frequently will encourage your dog to urinate outside instead of in your living room. When he has an empty bladder, he has less urine to void when he gets too excited.

From four months of age, dogs can usually hold their urine for 1 hour for each month of age, add another hour on top of that. So, a 6 month old puppy can hold his bladder for up to 7 hours (6 months + 1 = 7 hours). However, some dogs may need to go outside more often, and this is completely normal. You will need to go outside more often during this period to reduce excitement urination.

How to Teach Your Dog to Relax

The second important point is to teach your dog how to relax. It should be noted that not all dogs are instinctively willing or able to relieve themselves, and some may need human assistance. Dogs that have a hard time calming down can learn how to relax with short daily training sessions.

It may also be helpful to have them perform a behavior that is the opposite of your dog's excited behavior. For example, having your dog stretch his head/neck and lie down. This helps shift your dog from excited thinking to a more relaxed, task-oriented mental state.

Don't Establish Relationships When Your Dog Is Excited

The third point is to not interact with your dog in situations that lead to excitement urination. First, make sure your dog can hold his bladder and is fully potty trained.

When your dog becomes overstimulated, simply stand quietly and move away from your dog, waiting for them to calm down. Greet them after they calm down. If your dog starts to get excited, walk away again and wait for them to calm down.

To treat excitement urination, it is very important to reduce the level of excitement. Lowering your dog's energy level with regular daily exercise and mental stimulation can help reduce excitement urination. A tired dog will not have enough energy to urinate on your floor.

Activities like playing ball, agility training, jumping over obstacles, or running with you are great ways to expend some excited energy.

Frequent exposure to excitement urine can understandably cause you to become angry or frustrated, but you should not use punishment to solve the problem of excitement urine. In old methods, rubbing the dog's face in the urine or teaching it that urinating outside was bad manners was used. This is an outdated and incorrect method of training.

Any punishment situation will make your dog's inappropriate urination worse and add an element of submissiveness or fear. It can even damage your bond with your dog. A better solution is to use positive reinforcement to help correct the problem as well as strengthen your bond with your dog.

Submissive Urine in Dogs

Most dogs stop emotional urination as they grow older, but submissive urination can occur in dogs at any age. It is particularly common among young female dogs, puppies, dogs that are constantly and harshly corrected, and dogs that are kept in a dependent state (in a shelter or kennel).

This type of urination occurs when an event causes the dog to give a submissive signal while urinating some urine. Submissive signals can vary greatly depending on your dog and their personality.

Signs of Submissive Urination in Dogs

Some common submissive signals include sitting down, tilting the head down or to the side, opening the crotch, or lying flat on the floor. This is when the dog urinates (and perhaps drools) lying on his back, tucking his tail and pulling his front legs tightly against his body.

A classic case of submissive urination is when the dog lies down and urinates a little when approached by a stranger. Another typical situation is if someone moves the dog's arm, the dog looks down, retreats, and urinates a little.

Of course, no one wants their best four-legged friend to run away from them. It is important to remember that this is an indication that the dog is submitting to a person or situation that he sees as dominant. This is not a sign that the dog has been beaten or abused.

How Can You Stop Submissive Urination in Dogs?

You will need to change your behavior and desensitize your dog to triggers.

Change How You Approach Your Dog

For pet owners and other people, this means not leaning over the dog, not making direct eye contact, not reaching toward your dog (especially over their head), hugging them, or approaching their head.

Instead, sit on the floor to make yourself look smaller. Look to the side or at the dog's hips to avoid eye contact with the dog and allow them to approach. Lure them with treats and when they approach, gently pet them under their chin, not over their head.

Train Your Dog to Trigger Situations

The next step is to familiarize your dog with movements that trigger submissive urination. First, you will need to identify situations that trigger your dog. Then, start making smaller movements in these situations and reward your dog for not urinating.

For example, if your dog urinates when you reach for their leash, start moving your hand a few centimeters away from your body and reward them for not reacting. Once your dog calmly accepts small movements, you can move on to larger movements over time.

When your dog doesn't react or urinate in response to movements, continue rewarding them. Over time, you may be able to allow yourself to touch your dog's neck without having to hold or manipulate it.

Another method to prevent obstructive urination is to have your dog wear a doggy diaper while doing this sensitivity work. The diaper makes it difficult for the dog to get into the submissive position.

Do not use punishments such as negative reinforcement (such as slapping, yelling, or rubbing your nose) as this will make submissive urination worse. If training fails to correct submissive urination and your dog always exhibits submissive behavior in social situations, you can talk to your veterinarian about using a mild anti-anxiety medication.

Why Does My Dog Urine When I Pet Them?

If your dog urinates while you're petting him, you've likely triggered his submissive urination. Submissive dogs say, ÔÇťPlease don't hurt me; They are trying to give the message that "I am not a threat."

Submissive dogs need gentle encouragement and a calm environment. It takes time, patience, and positive bonding and interaction to stop this behavior.

Try to avoid actions that trigger urination. Allowing your dog to come towards you and approach you will greatly reduce submissive urination. You can also try the practice method.

Calm, slow movements give your dog time to process what happened, make sure you don't see you as a threat, and respond in a way he feels comfortable.

The environmental factor is also important. One of the situations where submissive urination commonly occurs is when strangers approach your dog.

If this is the case in your home, you may want visitors to ignore your dog until they approach your dog on their own. Another option is to keep your dog in an area where there is a barricade (like a cage or baby gate). This creates an area where the dog can see the stranger but feel safe in his own space or bed.

If you are on a walk and a stranger wants to pet your dog, you can politely decline and say that your dog needs to focus on you right now and needs training.

Why Does My Dog Urinate When I Come Home?

If an excited dog greets you when you return home excitedly, is this a sign of separation anxiety? Probably not.

Separation anxiety is a mental disorder in which dogs exhibit behaviors such as going to the bathroom indoors, destroying objects, and/or making noise when left alone. It is a complex condition and has many causes, but the basic underlying emotion of separation anxiety in dogs is restlessness and discontent. Just urinating when you get home is not enough to indicate separation anxiety.

A dog's world often focuses on his relationship with his family, which may be other dogs or his human family. The excitement he feels when he sees you is probably because he is happy to see you.

Dealing with excitement and submissive urination just requires management, which takes time and patience. If urination continues despite best efforts, you may consider working with a qualified behavioral specialist.

How to Stop a Dog Urinating When Excited?

The solution to excitement urination is to manage your dog's excitement. Here are a few tips:

  1. Calm down: Maintain a calm, neutral stance when your dog comes home or greets a guest. Wait a few minutes before greeting your dog. This can help your dog control his excitement.
  2. Exercise: Exercise your dog regularly. This can lower their energy levels and reduce their overall excitement.
  3. Reward: Reward your dog, use positive reinforcement when he remains calm.
  4. Education:┬áTeach your dog simple commands. Simple commands such as ÔÇťsitÔÇŁ and ÔÇťstayÔÇŁ can calm your dog and control his excitement.
  5. Sensitivity: Always be gentle when handling your dog. Yelling or overcorrecting can stress your dog and make the situation worse.
  6. Professional Help: If these tactics don't work, consider working with a professional dog trainer. They may know the best techniques to encourage your dog to stop urinating on excitement.

Remember, if your dog continues this type of behavior or if you think the condition may be the result of a medical problem, contact your veterinarian. A urinary tract infection, diabetes, urinary incontinence, or other health problems may trigger such behavior.
As a result, controlling your dog's excitement urination may require patience, consistency, and a lot of positive reinforcement. But in the end, it will have a huge impact on your relationship with your dog and his overall health.

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